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The AIM of one’s life is to become AIMLESS

Reservation in India – Timeline (from SMR)

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1918-1919 : Reservations in government jobs were introduced in 1918 in Mysore in favor of a number of castes and communities that had little share in the administration. In another instance, upon petition from the Muslim community, the British government at the time made provisions in the Government of India acts of 1909 and 1919 granting Muslims share in the administration and other facilities.

1931 : Ambedkar pressed for a separate electorate for the depressed classes at Round Table Conference in London held from November 1930 to January 1931 while representing the depressed classes there.

1932 : Ambedkar and Gandhiji signed the Poona Pact. According to the pact the separate electorate demand was replaced with special concessions like reserved seats in the regional legislative assemblies and Central Council of States.

1935 : In the communal award of 1935, legislative seats were reserved for members of the Muslim, Sikh, Maratha, Parsi, Christian, European, and Anglo-Indian communities. In addition seats were reserved for depressed classes within the Hindu community.

1942 : The scheduled castes were given 8.5 reservation in central services and other facilities in 1942.

1947 : In independent India, provision for reservation in legislature was made in the constitution until 1960, recently extended until 2010. Provision for public services was made at the same time with no time limit.

1950 : In constitution of India, 15% of educational and civil service seats were reserved for "scheduled castes" and 7.5% for "scheduled tribes."

1963 : The Supreme Court of India ruled that total reservations could not exceed 50%.

1980 : Mandal Comission recommended changes to quotas, increasing them by 27% to 49.5%. (limited by 1963 act). The commission estimated that 52% of the total population (excluding SCs and STs), belonging to 3,743 different castes and communities was ‘backward’.

1990 : The implementation of the Mandal commissions' recommendations in the case of government jobs by VP Singh. Despite widespread agitation (mostly among students), reservation for the backward classes were upheld to the extent of 27 per cent (this was in addition to the 22.5% already reserved for scheduled castes and tribes, bringing the total of 'open' seats to only 50.5%). Rajiv Goswami, student of Delhi University, self-immolated himself in protest of the government's actions.

1992 : Panchayati Raj Act, 1992 (73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment) came into effect granting not less then 33% reservation to women in the Panchayati Raj Institutions or local bodies.

1993 : upheld 27% reservation for OBCs subject to the exclusion of socially-advanced persons/sections (creamy layer) from amongst the OBCs. Children of persons with annual income greater than Rs 1 lakh were also to be excluded. The limit was later revised to Rs 2.5 lakh in 2004.

1996 : Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda made the actual promise for reservation of seats for women in Parliament and State Assemblies.

2005 (Aug) : The Supreme Court abolished all caste-based reservations in unaided private colleges.

2005 (Dec 21) : After Arjun Singh's move the Lok Sabha passed the 104th Constitution Amendment Act 2005, rolling back the SC judgment by introducing a new clause into Article 15 to allow for reservations for schedule castes and scheduled tribes as well as other backward classes in private unaided educational institutions other than minority institutions.

2006 (Apr-May) : Human Resource Development Minister Arjun Singh declared government's intention to fix a quota for the Other Backward Castes (OBCs) in the premier government educational institutions like the Indian Institute of Technologies (IITs) and Indian Institute of Managements and other institutions of higher learning. Widespread protests are taking place.

Links –
Who are the OBCs
Why Reservation For OBC Is A Must
Ghosts of Mandal haunt again
Affirmative Action
Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

From SMR (if u have ne prb tell me i will remove it ok)


Written by Ankur

May 22, 2006 at 1:29 pm

Posted in Life

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  1. Please read these comments to know how important it is to stop the reservations and get rid of the caste system.

    ‘’We are the only nation in the world were people fight to be called backward rather than forward.’’
    – Narayan Murthy

    “India is ready to discuss racism as long as it is in other countries, but not caste in its own backyard.”
    – Dipankar Gupta, professor of sociology , J.N.U. New Delhi

    ‘’In place of appealing for removal and abolishing this old curse on India, all the Indians have been shamelessly accepting the caste system imposed upon by their Religion. People are fighting against the reservation quota. Is there a single sensible person who wants to fight against the caste system which is the main reason for the quota ? ‘’
    – Damien Rebello

    Caste conscious lunatics and live in this lunatic asylum, of course against our will, and ‘blessed’ with an eternal curse of associating with the insane. The Indian caste system is pointedly diabolical. It is a real curse.
    – Swami Vivekananda

    Year 2006 : Indian newspapers carry daily stories of atrocities against Dalits or young couples being killed, sometimes by their own families, for daring to fall in love with someone from another caste. The caste based communities in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have militants to terminate people belonging to the other caste. In spite of all this the Indians think that they are making progress.
    – from DailyNews U.K.

    Nobody is saying that the caste system should be praised, for it has indeed degenerated India’s self-pride.
    – Francois Gautier

    Without question, caste system is the curse for India, and it has humiliated millions through the ages. Caste is India’s sorrow, the apartheid that makes Indians hang their heads in shame. Caste serves as the prime reason for conversions even today.
    – Barbara Crossette

    So you see to what extent this disgraceful caste system has taken us? Our political parties trade on it, our governments use it, our police connive at it. There is a nexus of criminals, police and government, as everybody knows, and we suffer.
    – Shri Parthasarathi

    India’s real curse lies in the fact that, 57 years after Independence, people continue not only to face daily injustices, but they can be murdered, raped and viciously humiliated merely because they have tried to break out of the caste trap to assert their rights as equal beings.
    – (Human Rights Report)

    Ramkumar Bhat

    June 30, 2006 at 12:39 pm

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